Srimad-Bhagavatamdescribes the extraordinary pastimes Krishna performed in Vrindavan during his childhood. The Bhagavad Gita explains that Vrindavan on earth is a replica of Krishna's everlasting residence in the spiritual world. And the Brahma-samhitasays Krishna is eternally living in Vrindavan.
Vrindavan, the name that instantly evokes the image of Lord Krishna is situated south east of Delhi in the Mathura district of UP in north India. Vrindavan is widely acknowledged as the place of Krishna's childhood. It is one of the most frequented holy towns in the Indian sub-continent.
The town is about 10 km away from Mathura, the city of Lord Krishna's birthplace, near the Agra-Delhi highway and the newly constructed Yamuna Expressway. The town hosts hundreds of temples dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna and is considered sacred by all traditions of Hinduism. Govindadev temple, Gopinath temple and Ranganath Mandir are the most prominent and popular places in the town which has more than 5000 temples.Millions of bhakts or devotees of Radha Krishna visit these places of pilgrimage every year and participate in a number of festivals that relate to the scenes from Krishna's life on Earth.
According to tradition and recorded evidence, as provided in the Bhagavata Purana, Krishna was raised in the cowherding village of Gokul by his foster parents Nanda Maharaj and Yasoda. The Bhagavata Purana describes Krishna's early childhood pastimes in the Vrindavan forest where he, his brother Balarama, and his cowherd friends stole butter, engaged in childhood pranks and fought with demons. Along with these activities, Krishna is also described as meeting and dancing with the local girls of Vrindavan village, especially Radharani, who were known as gopis.